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What is Qurban in Islam?

What is Qurban in Islam?

Qurban simply means sacrifice. Each year during Islamic month of theDhul Hijja, an animal is slaughtered by Muslims all over around the world to reflect Prophet Ibrahim’s readiness to sacrifice his son Ismail for God’s sake. The animal can be a camel, goat, cow or sheep. Ismail was spared death since Ibrahim proved that he was ready to sacrifice his son as some act of piety, and this notwithstanding the loss it would have brought him. This continued practice of Qurban, to Muslims, acts as some kind of reminder of his obedience to his God.

At least a third of this meat must go to vulnerable people or the poor. Muslims, traditionally, would keep a third of meat for their family members and offer the final one third to their neighbors.

Providing meat to the destitute and the poor as required when performing Qurbani spreads happiness so they also may enjoy this occasion since this is a time of festivities and celebration for all Muslims.

The meat should be delivered canned, frozen or fresh, depending on factors like availability, access and cost, though in majority of countries it’s normally delivered fresh. The meat is bought from a local supplier so as to benefit local economy. Every meat packet contains, on average, three kilograms of meat that is going to provide a family of three or four with meals for a week.

Those to get the Qurbani meat include orphaned children, widowed women, elderly or disabled people, refugees and the poor. This Qurbani meat lets some families consume meat after a whole year.

When vulnerable families receive this Qurban meat, it helps foster some sense of real hope for them, and lets them celebrate this significant occasion with other millions of Muslims all over the world.

Who Should Give Qurbani?

People who have Nisab (or minimum amount of wealth that requires them to pay Zakat) are the ones who should offer Qurbani. It’s not obligatory (fard). However, it’s recommended highly ((wajib)*), according to the Hanafi school of thought. But to the Hanbali, Jafari, and Shafi’i schools of thought, Qurbani is a Sunnah act.

What Are the Qurbani Requirements?

The animals to be slaughtered, as mentioned before, must be a sheep, goat, camel, or cattle (water buffalo, ox, cow). Sheep and goats have to be at least a year old. For cows, the age must be at least two years old. And for camels it must be at least 6 years old. Sheep and goats count as 7 shares per animal.

The animals must be free from any kind of handicap, like undernourished, limp, sick, and blind. Also it must be free from any form of defect like broken teeth, broken horn, cut-off-tail or ear. However, sheep and goats may be used if only some few teeth are broken, and majority of the teeth still remain intact. Furthermore, if its horn is broken midway, and not from its root, it’s permissible to use such kind of animal. Injuries that are sustained during Qurbani don’t invalidate the sacrifice.

The animals must also be slaughtered in a suitable humane way, and it must be carried out by a muslim who adheres to Islamic way of slaughtering animal.

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